Tutorial: Remove index.php on localhost in Yii framework

This is another simple tutorial i find it useful for every Yii framework developer to know. Especially people who really want SEO capability on their Yii project. Without further crap from me, i will demonstrate how this can be done.

Setup Apache

The most important thing to get the thing you want in a local environment is to setup your Apache properly. Luckily setting up Apache for this tutorial wasn't that difficult, all you have to do is two step. Firstly, fire up your httpd.conf and look for the following line.

<Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    Order deny,allow
    Deny from all
</Directory>

Change AllowOverride None to Allow as shown below,

<Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Order deny,allow
    Deny from all
</Directory>

Next we will have to enable mod_rewrite. Look for the following line,

#LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
#LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
#LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so
#LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so

And uncomment LoadModule rewrite_module bla bla bla and we should get something like this.

#LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
#LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
#LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so
#LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so

Now, save this changes and restart your Apache server and we are done here.

Setup .htaccess

Now, the important thing is to tell Apache how to handle things that we are going to setup on our Yii framework. Hence, we will have to write some .htaccess rule to cater this. Firstly, where to place this?! Simple, we will put this just at the level where the "/protected/" folder is located (not inside the protected folder). Next, we should create a new .htaccess file with the following rules.

Options +FollowSymLinks
IndexIgnore */*
RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /project name/

# if a directory or a file exists, use it directly
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d

# otherwise forward it to index.php
RewriteRule . index.php

The whole world are using this rule so i won't bother to explain but do take note that you will need to rebase your project by changing "project name" to your folder name on this .htaccess file. And we are done here too.

Setup Yii Config

Finally, we can setup our Yii config! Fire up your /config/main.php file and overwrite your UrlManager rules with the following one.

		'urlManager'=>array(
			'urlFormat'=>'path',
			'rules'=>array(
				'<controller:\w+>/<id:\d+>'=>'<controller>/view',
				'<controller:\w+>/<action:\w+>/<id:\d+>'=>'<controller>/<action>',
				'<controller:\w+>/<action:\w+>'=>'<controller>/<action>',
			),
			'showScriptName'=>false,
			'caseSensitive'=>false,
		),

Once you do this, you should be gettting your index.php removed permanently!

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